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How Blockchain technology can help refugees and those who live in developing countries

Story Highlights

  • Refugees buy food from local supermarkets in the camp, using a scan of their eyes, not cash, vouchers or e-cards

  • Blockchain can provide each refugee with a bank account

Blockchain beyond business and government applications

The Blockchain technology covers many use cases, the most famous being: transaction costs, logistical support in the private and public sectors, and information processing. However, Blockchain technology can expand beyond business and government applications and be applied in the social sphere to improve people’s lives. First of all, those who are poor or in depressed situations. This article will address the question of which Blockchain technology can be successfully applied to help many refugee crises around the world. Today’s news is filled with coverage of global refugee crises. There are, of course, many refugees from Syria, but also from countries such as Myanmar, Afghanistan, Somalia and South Sudan. Helping these refugees is a priority for many developed countries, the United Nations and the UN.

The private blockchain is used to safely store the biometric information of each refugee

However, refugee crises continue to spiral out of control, and their causes are not being resolved. The main reason why people flee to a foreign country is related to the ongoing war in their homeland or they are fleeing to avoid persecution, as is the case in Myanmar. Blockchain cannot directly resolve these causes of refugee crises, because in most cases the current situations in these countries require external military intervention, negotiations and economic support, etc. The use of Blockchain technologies in these cases (for example, the provision of foreign aid and ensuring that money is used in the most productive ways) is certainly viable and can help resolve conflicts. On the other hand, such applications will exist and operate at a lower and unrecognizable level, as it happens in logistics support (supply chain), which, as we see, is the most universal scenario for Blockchain right now.

For example, the World Food Program maintains a private blockchain called Building Blocks, and its use is interesting because “the WFP system is based on biometric registration data from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and uses biometric technology for authentication purposes. Refugees buy food from local supermarkets in the camp, using a scan of their eyes, not cash, vouchers or e-cards. ” As part of its building blocks project, WFP uses the unique physical characteristics of a refugee, in which case their view on identifying them. The private blockchain is used to safely store the biometric information of each refugee, as well as to quickly identify this refugee so that they can acquire the necessary resources from the market.

The Director of Innovation and Change Management, WFP, stated that “through the blockchain, we strive to reduce labor costs, better protect beneficiaries, control financial risks and respond faster in case of emergencies. The use of the blockchain can be a qualitative leap – not only for WFP, but also for the entire humanitarian community. ” Incorporating this blockchain project into other humanitarian relief operations around the world will be very beneficial for the spread of this technology. Mobile banking and blocking during the construction of refugee camps. Another thing the blockchain can do is to provide each refugee with a bank account that they can get very easily, no matter where they are in the world. They will get access to them through their phones (2/3 of people without bank accounts have mobile phones), since 87% of the refugees live in 2d-3d areas. Mobile banking working on the blockchain is an easy and secure way to access a bank account, which will allow refugees to better recover their lives financially.

Blockchain certifies the identity of specific individuals, which allows them to create a loan and at the same time prevent fraudulent activities. Expanding outside the financial sector, depending on which camp for refugees may be an individual, along with its bank account, the blockchain can store its documents and other important documents. Blockchain is limitless, very secure, very easy to access, and many dApps are built and already exist, which can be used to help refugees. Again, this can be applied to any other humanitarian operation, especially in developing countries. It would be nice if refugee camps around the world used blockchain technology in their infrastructure. We have already seen how local markets use blockchains to accept payments from refugees and how humanitarian organizations use blockchains to help refugees maintain secure identification. However, none of this would constitute anything if there were no safe haven for refugees. These camps are only for a temporary solution, since the best option is to resolve the conflict, as a result of which the refugees leave first of all, which will allow them to return home.

However, the solution to the main problem does not have an end date, so refugee camps should be built taking into account longevity. This means a camp where people have easy access to vital moments, far from oppression and close to comfort. Sounds like an expensive infrastructure project? No, if it includes blockchain technology and international support. First, it is the collection of capital to finance such a camp, which can be easily done using cryptocurrency payments (for obvious reasons). With capital in hand, a humanitarian organization (most likely operating under US administration), working together with the government where such a camp is to be located, will coordinate the construction process. This will provide jobs for local residents and improve the economy of the host country. The use of smart contracts in the design and construction of such camps will significantly reduce processing fees and time, ensure transparent and secure transactions, and eliminate any degree of manipulation or fraud. Thus, the creation of these refugee camps can be carried out quickly and cheaply (not in relation to the materials used). Acoustic comfort should be included during the design phase, but there are many dApps that can be implemented to make the stay look more like a house, not a camp. Security should not be a problem, as there are many private contractors in the world waiting to work. If they are designed, constructed and efficiently operated using blockchain technology, refugee camps will provide the best stay for the refugees so that they can comfortably and peacefully wait for the conflict taking place in their homeland.

The constant movement and integration of refugees in a foreign country is not suitable for the citizens of this country or the refugees themselves. Although it may be an option for long-term conflicts that have very long-term solutions. However, the blockchain technology can be used to help refugees. Also, keep in mind that all of the above can be implemented in other humanitarian operations around the world, even refugee camps that are not occupied by refugees can be turned into temporary relocation sites to provide assistance in case of natural disasters, or even be used for areas affected by poverty. in some countries. The most remarkable thing about blockchain technology is universality. Applicable uses are endless and, of course, must be used in many refugee crisis situations.

Mur Kvantaliani

MUR KVANTALIANI Mur Kvantaliani is an International researcher, scholar and journalist. His interests focus on geopolitics, economics, renewable energy and new technologies. Mur holds Masters degrees in English and German literature. He has lived and worked in the United States and Germany where he developed his career as a journalist and creative writer.

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